Grass Pavers: What You Need to Know

Original photo here: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jmr/3485316730/sizes/m/in/photostream/

The installation of a grass paver driveway.

If you have an area that requires detailed water management and drainage, needs to withstand heavy traffic and abuse, and doesn’t need to be aesthetically exquisite, grass pavers (also known as turf pavers, pervious pavers, and porous pavers) may be the best choice for you. The grass paver  differs from concrete pavers in that they are hollow and “grid-like,” as you can see in the picture to the right.

There are many different uses, both residential and commercial, for turf paving stones. They have been most commonly used in commercial applications, particularly in places where lots of driving and parking occurs. However, they have also recently gained in popularity for uses in the home. At home, these pavers can be used for driveways, walkways, garden applications, landscaping projects, patios, and many other ideas. Commercially, grass pavers can be used anywhere high vehicular traffic can be expected, such as parking lots or construction sites, or anywhere soil or grass erosion can occur. Other common uses include:

  • trails
  • emergency access paths
  • golf cart paths
  • sewer access roads
  • barn flooring
  • drainage channels
  • parking lots
  • and more.

For those with environmental concerns, grass pavers are one of the best ‘green’ options out there.

The Benefits of Grass Pavers

Grass pavers are primarily used in areas where soil erosion or water drainage is of paramount concern. For example, grass driveway pavers help stabilize the soil in an area where lots of vehicular traffic may unsettle and damage it. Water can also drain easily in between these paving stones, putting less pressure on water draining systems that would otherwise have to accept all of this rainwater running down grade. This can help with containing and controlling water pollution, as runoff from asphalt driveways can be very polluting due to all the chemical it carries. Grass pavers, however, allow water to drain free and clear, and thus represent an environmentally friendly driveway and paving solution.

Another example of where this material may be used is where there is a hill, slope, or other slight grade that might run off or erode due to wind, rain, or other inclement weather or abusive forces. Grass pavers keep the area secure and stable while also providing a sleek look.

A final example is any area that is flooded often. Normal paving options – concrete, asphalt, or even concrete pavers – do not drain water as well as regular ground, as the water will often slide down the grade. However, turf pavers provide both the strength and durability of concrete pavers with the drainage capability of grass or soil – a useful combination for some applications.

Another benefit of these permeable pavers is how they support and protect the grass roots system. Constant driving and parking on the grass can easily tear it apart and damage it beyond repair. This can look ugly and require work to replace if you ever want to have grass in the area again. Well-installed grass pavers will help protect this grass and prevent major damage due to ruts and tears caused by moving wheels.

Different Kinds of Grass Pavers

Grass pavers are made out of many materials depending on the needs of the project. One common option is concrete, much like standard paving stones. Another choice is plastic; this is often used for applications that don’t need as much strength and need more subtlety instead (i.e. so they can’t be seen as easily by the naked eye). Plastic grass pavers are often used for areas like backyards that need the soil protection and water management but not the strength intended for vehicular applications. These “lawn pavers” actually leave more space for the grass in between the plastic, letting you get the benefits of the permeable paving system without the robust quality of the concrete variety.

Grass Turf Pavers and Design

Grass pavers, because they are functional, do not focus much on looks, so you won’t find much variety in color, shapes, or sizes as you will with other concrete paving stones. If looks are a concern to you, you may want to look elsewhere, though there is certainly something to be said for the simplicity and utility of these grass paving stones. However, some people do enjoy the natural ‘grassy’ look of these pavers, especially as the grass grows over time. It can also help you blend in different areas of your yard regardless of whether or not you park on those areas – instead of installing a concrete or stone driveway to accommodate extra parking, for example, install grass pavers and you won’t have to have a jarring concrete blob on your property.

Installation of Grass Pavers

Luckily, installing grassy pavers is quite easy compared to other options, and can often be completed by the homeowner. You should still consult your local contractor or paver manufacturer for assistance with your particular project. Maintenance is also easy, and you can often still mow the areas where these pavers are installed to keep the grass in check. Overall, grass pavers are often the most environmentally conscious and functionally effective paving material you can purchase.

The concrete grass pavers ‘honeycomb’ is laid first on a graded, properly excavated area. Even though it drains well, it should still have a slight grade away from the home to ensure that the water doesn’t pool or flood. Depending on the volume of water you expect, you may have to install a drainage system and catch basin to help channel the water to where you want it to go. The base will want to be made up of 3/4 to 1″ of gravel or crushed aggregate. You’ll want to compact this surface.

If the grass pavers are the concrete variety, they are laid much like concrete pavers are – by hand, one by one, in the pattern and shape as needed. Plastic grass pavers may be laid in the same fashion, or they may come in a roll (such as EZ Roll), in which case they are ‘unrolled’ around the area as necessary.

Next, sand or aggregate is spread over the system. This material helps keep the grass pavers in place and keeps them strong while also allowing for proper drainage of water. Next, the grass paver blocks are then filled with a top layer of topsoil to allow for grass to grow; however, more aggregate or stones can be used instead of grass isn’t desired given the desired look of the installation. Then, grass may be planted in the area, if desired. You can also roll sod over the top of the pavers as well. Eventually, the grass will grow between the pavers, creating a mixed grass/concrete look that is also quite permeable and durable. (Or, simple stone or sand will fill in the hollow grass pavers network.)

After the paving system is installed, homeowners should check on it over the next few months to make sure water is draining properly and that there are no problems with the installation. After everything checks out, normal lawn and grass maintenance may go on as if the paving system weren’t in place.

Grass Pavers Cost

Best of all, the grass pavers cost is quite low compared to other paving options, and will depend on the usual factors (location, size, complexity, etc.). You can expect to pay somewhere around $2.00 a square foot. For plastic rolls, you can pay anywhere around $250-$300 per 4′ x 24′ roll – this translates into about $2.50 to $3.00 per foot. Installation may be extra for both of these depending on the project. All in all, you’ll probably pay more for grass pavers installation than for other materials options like concrete, asphalt, and the like. Note that you can save money on these projects by finding the material for sale or by laying it yourself – it is definitely a possible DIY project, within the skill of many homeowners.

What You Need to Know about Flagstone Pavers

Though concrete pavers are highly recommended for many home projects, they are not the only choice available. One choice is flagstone pavers, made directly out of natural stone. This stone is shaped, cut, and formed into slabs of various shapes and sizes, which are then fit together like a mosaic to cover the specific area. Aesthetically, the flagstone paver installation is quite nice, giving the area a natural look that paving stones can’t quite manage to capture in many cases due to the fact that they are artificially manufactured.

This article will give you a brief explanation of this material – its properties, how it is used, and the other features important to know about this expensive material before you use it. While this site focuses mostly on concrete pavers, it does contain some information on natural stone like bluestone, sandstone, and travertine paving. We plan on adding more soon and creating a more extensive collection of info on the various stone types, so come back soon!

Anyway – on to the article!

How Flagstone is Used & Design

These pavers can be used in a variety of applications. Flagstone patio pavers are one popular use, as are walkways and garden projects. The color schemes are more limited than concrete pavers, because they come from natural sources, but there still are enough color blends to satisfy most homeowner’s uses. The sizes, shapes, and thicknesses of these concrete flagstone pavers will also vary depending on the particular use of the stones.

There are a number of advantages of flagstone pavers over their competitors. The installation of these stones is usually quite easy compared to other options, as they can usually be laid right on soil, or with little bedding material required. They are also very strong and durable, withstanding any freezing/thawing cycles or other weather, traffic, or abuse. This makes these pavers very low maintenance and long-lasting.

How do you decide between flagstone or concrete pavers? Two factors override all others. The first is budget. If you have less money, you may want to go for concrete pavers, as they can be installed at a lower price per square foot than the natural option. If money is no object, than flagstone pavers may be right for you. The second factor is the particular look or ‘theme’ you want to convey with your project. Flagstone choices generally look more ‘natural’ and ‘earthy’ than manufactured options. These choices may work well with a garden, landscape area, or other place near your home that wants to communicate this natural look. Paving stones, on the other hand, communicate a modern, ‘old-world’ feel that may work better for patios, walkways, driveways, and other projects right near your home. Of course, this all depends on your tastes,  so be sure to consult with a local contractor or manufacturer for assistance.

Flagstone Patio Cost

Flagstone pavers price is usually more expensive, however, than manufactured options. This is generally true of all natural paving materials, as they cannot be mass produced in the ways that concrete paving stones can. The price will vary on a number of factors, including thickness, size, geography, and quality, but the usual price is between $20-30 a square foot.

One popular project for this material is a patio, so let me give you a brief run down of what you might pay for creating a patio out of this material. The flagstone patiocost, or the price of any flagstone installation, will depend on a number of factors. First, as described above, the price of natural stone is higher than manufactured varieties, as the stone must be quarried and cut into the appropriate shapes. In addition, like other hand laid materials like pavers and brick, the labor costs for the installation of these stone projects will be quite high. You can save money by installing them yourself, but ultimately it will probably be better to hire a contractor due to the high level of difficulty. In general, as stated above, the total flagstone cost will vary between $20 to $30 a square foot.

The actual, specific cost of a flagstone patio installation, or the installation of any project, like a driveway, walkway, pool deck, or other, will depend on a number of factors. These factors will depend on your area, the job itself, and how much you can contribute. The factors include:

  • Geography and economy. If you are in a cheaper area, your prices will be cheaper. If there is more competition between contractors, the total price will also be lower.
  • How much labor and material you can contribute. The more labor you put into the job, and the more free or reduced price material you can obtain (such as by recycling old material or buying it used), the less the total job will cost per square foot.
  • The actual contractor you hire. You may pay more for quality; paying less may leave you with a finished product that you detest.
  • The brand or type of stone you select. This is an important consideration to think about when you set out to buy flagstone. Not all stone and brands are created equal, varying in quality and durability and style. Pick the type that fits best in your budget and in your aesthetic vision.
  • How much prep work and excavation needs to be done. For instance, if you need an old patio removed, the total flagstone patio cost will be higher than if you had an empty or already prepped area to work with.
  • Design. If you pick a fancier pattern or overall design, the degree of difficulty of the entire project will increase. Picking simpler and easier to install designs will help keep costs down.